TAP-Windows is an OpenVPN subproject in GitHub. TAP-Windows is built on a Windows box, and the OpenVPN cross-compile buildsystem takes care of embedding the produced TAP-Windows installer into the OpenVPN Windows installer.

If you're building tap-windows6 instead, please look here.

Setting up the Windows build computer

First install a recent version of Windows DDK and NSIS.

Next clone the tap-windows repository, e.g. using Git Bash:

$ cd /c/users/myuser
$ git clone

Now set some environment variables:

set DDK=c:\WINDDK\7600.16385.1
set DEVCON32=c:\WINDDK\7600.16385.1\tools\devcon\i386\devcon.exe
set DEVCON64=c:\WINDDK\7600.16385.1\tools\devcon\amd64\devcon.exe
set DEVCON_BASENAME=devcon.exe
set SIGNTOOL=c:\WINDDK\7600.16385.1\bin\x86\signtool.exe
set MAKENSIS=C:\Program Files (x86)\NSIS
set OUTDIR=c:\users\myuser\tap-windows

Some of these variables have sane default values, and you many not need to define all of them. If you use self-signed test certificates you also need these variables:

set CODESIGN_PKCS12=c:\Users\John\tap-windows\my-self-signed-certificate.p12
set CODESIGN_PASS=mypassphrase

For paid-for software publisher certificates (SPC) you'd use something like this:

set CODESIGN_PKCS12="c:\Users\John\tap-windows\my-software-publisher-certificate.p12"
set CODESIGN_PASS=mypassphrase
set CODESIGN_CROSS="C:\Users\John\tap-windows\ca-cross-certificate.crt"

If you imported the kernel-mode code-signing certicate using Internet Explorer, you can use certmgr.exe to export it in PFX (=PKCS12) format. Just make sure to include the private key in the file and to give it a sufficiently strong password, which you then define using CODESIGN_PASS variable. The CA cross certificate can be obtained from your CA and most likely needs no modifications. The URL for the timestamping service is CA-specific, but trivial to locate.

To simplify variable setting in the future, you can create a batch file with all the above commands and run it before running configure.bat. For details on available environment variables see

> configure --help

Building TAP-windows

First you need to configure the tap-windows build to use the variables you defined. Do this from a Visual Studio command prompt:

> configure

This copies the variables to tap-windows\config-env.bat and various other places. All that's left is to build the tap-windows drivers:

> build

If you want to customize the build further, e.g. to build a custom TAP-Windows driver that can coexist with stock OpenVPN TAP-Windows driver, you can edit the version.m4 or create a separate config-local.m4. Any variables in config-local.m4 should override those in version.m4.

Finally, if you're generating an OpenVPN installer with the your modified TAP-Windows driver, put the TAP-Windows installer on a webserver and point the OpenVPN cross-compile buildsystem to it.

Last modified 3 years ago Last modified on 05/05/14 08:26:15